Compare and contrast the classical and positivist school of criminology introduction this essay will present the two contrasting theories within criminology, these are ‘the classical’ and ‘the positivist’ theory of criminology, presenting a brief introduction to each school of thought with the theories and their theorist. Each school of thought, classical and positivist, has impacted the criminal justice system today they are both in force, and both of these theories contributed to the cessation of cruel, inhumane treatment of criminals and to the reformation of the death penalty.
Start studying classical vs positivist school of criminology learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Several schools of thought have emerged over the past 300+ years, with modern criminology being a combination of two of these: the classic school and the positivist school the classical school the formal study of criminology began in europe in late 1700’s as theories on crime and punishment started to materialize.
The classical school of criminology is based on freewill and determinism, while the positivist school of criminology is based on the biological, psychological, and sociological aspects of a criminal the neo-classical school, however, is a blend of the two other schools of criminology with a big emphasis on deterrence. Each school of thought, classical and positive, has impacted the criminal justice system today both schools are in force, and both are instrumental in the ending of cruel, inhumane treatment of criminals and to the reformation of the death penalty.